Denial rates are very small and are governed by U.S. law and practice. In case a student visa is denied at a U.S. Embassy/Consulate and you do not wish to reapply (and pay corresponding visa fees), a refund of payments to CTY will be granted in accordance with CTY's refund policy. Neither the Johns Hopkins Office of International Services (OIS) nor CTY control this. CTY does not refund any visa expenses. If your visa is denied and you wish to reapply, contact ois-cty@jhu.edu to discuss your case.